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Southern hip hop

Stylistic origins

Hip hop, electro, hardcore hip hop

Cultural origins

Late 1980s, United States (Houston, Atlanta, New Orleans, Memphis, and Miami)

Typical instruments

Synthesizer, drum machine (Roland TR-808), turntables, rapping, singing, sequencer, sampler

Southern hip hop, also known as Southern rapSouth Coast hip hop, or Dirty South, is a blanket term for a regional genre of American hip hop music that emerged in the Southern United States, especially in Atlanta, New Orleans, Houston, Memphis, and Miami—the five of which constitute the "Southern Network" in rap music.

The music was a reaction to the 1980s flow of hip hop culture from New York City and the Los Angeles area and can be considered a third major American hip hop genre, after East Coast hip hop and West Coast hip hop. Many early Southern rap artists released their music independently or on mixtapes after encountering difficulty securing record-label contracts in the 1990s. By the early 2000s, many Southern artists had attained national success, and as the decade went on, both mainstream and underground varieties of Southern hip-hop became among the most popular and influential of the entire genre.

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