Reasonable Doubt
Reasonable Doubt.jpeg
Studio album by Jay-Z


June 25, 1996


September 1994 - August 1995


D&D Studios
(New York City, New York)


Hip hop, Mafioso rap, East Coast hip hop




Roc-A-Fella Records, Priority Records


Big Jaz, Kareem "Biggs" Burke (exec.), Sean Cane, Clark Kent, Dahoud, Dame Dash (also exec.), DJ Irv, DJ Premier, Jay-Z (exec.), Knobody, Peter Panic, Ski

Jay-Z chronology


In My Lifetime, Vol. 1 (1997)

Reasonable Doubt is the debut studio album by American rapper Jay-Z, released in June 25, 1996 on Roc-A-Fella Records and Priority Records. It features production work by DJ Premier, Ski, Knobody and Clark Kent, and guest appearances from Memphis Bleek, Mary J. Blige and The Notorious B.I.G., among others. Reasonable Doubt features mafioso rap themes and gritty lyrics about the "hustler" lifestyle and material obsessions.

The album peaked at number 23 on the Billboard 200, on which it charted for eighteen weeks. It was promoted with four singles, including the Hot 100-charting "Ain't No N*#@a" and "Can't Knock the Hustle". Well recevied by critics upon its release, the album has since been heralded by music writers as Jay-Z's "crowning achievement", and appears on numerous best album lists by music publications. Reasonable Doubt has been certified platinum by the Record Industry Association of America and has sold 1.5 million copies in the United States as of 2006.

Track listing[edit | edit source]

No. Title Performer(s) Writer(s) Producer(s) Time
1. "Can't Knock the Hustle" Jay-Z, Mary J. Blige Carter, Foster, Millar Knobody, Dahoud (co.), Sean Cane (co.) 5:17
2. "Politics as Usual" Jay-Z Biggs, Carter, Willis Ski 3:41
3. "Brooklyn's Finest" Jay-Z, The Notorious B.I.G. Bonner, Carter, Franklin, Jones, Middlebrooks, Morrison, Noland, Pierce, Wallace, Webster Clark Kent, Dame Dash (co.) 4:36
4. "Dead Presidents II" Jay-Z Carter, Jones, Phillips, Smith, Willis Ski 4:27
5. "Feelin' It" Jay-Z, Mecca Carter, Willis Ski 3:48
6. "D'Evils" Jay-Z Carter, Martin DJ Premier 3:31
7. "22 Two's" Jay-Z Carter, Willis Ski 3:29
8. "Can I Live" Jay-Z Bacharach, Carter, Davis, Lorenzo DJ Irv 4:10
9. "Ain't No N*#%a" Jay-Z, Foxy Brown Burks, Carter, Lampert, Marchano, Moon, Potter, Thomas Big Jaz 4:03
10. "Friend or Foe" Jay-Z Carter, Martin DJ Premier 1:49
11. "Coming of Age" Jay-Z, Memphis Bleek Carter, Franklin, Mtume Clark Kent 3:59
12. "Cashmere Thoughts" Jay-Z Bohannon, Carter, Emanuel, Franklin, Ragin Clark Kent 2:56
13. "Bring It On" Jay-Z, Sauce Money, Big Jaz Burks, Carter, Gaither, Martin DJ Premier 5:01
14. "Regrets" Jay-Z Carter, Di Pasquale Peter Panic 4:34

Samples[edit | edit source]

Can't Knock the Hustle

  • "Much Too Much" by Marcus Miller

Politics As Usual

  • "Hurry Up This Way Again" by The Stylistics

Brooklyn's Finest

Dead Presidents II

  • "Oh My God (Remix)" by A Tribe Called Quest
  • "A Garden of Peace" by Lonnie Liston Smith
  • "The World Is Yours (Tip Mix)" by Nas

Feelin' It

  • "Pastures" by Ahmad Jamal


  • "Go Back Home" by Allen Toussaint
  • "Murder Was the Case (Death After Visualizing Eternity)" by Snoop Dogg

22 Two's

  • "Blue Wind" by John Kaizan Neptune

Can I Live

  • "The Look of Love" by Isaac Hayes

Ain't No N*#%a

  • "Seven Minutes of Funk" by The Whole Darn Family
  • "Ain't No Woman (Like the One I Got)" by Four Tops

Friend or Foe

  • "Hey, What's That You Say" by Brother to Brother

Coming of Age

  • "Inside You" by Eddie Henderson

Cashmere Thoughts

  • "Save Their Souls" by Hamilton Bohannon

Bring It On


  • "It's So Easy Loving You" by Hubert Laws and Earl Klugh

Can I Live II

  • "Mother's Day" by The 24-Carat Black
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.