Hip hop music, also known as hip-hop, rap music, or hip-hop music, is a music genre consisting of a stylized rhyhmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. It developed as a part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching, b-boying, and graffiti writing. Other additional elements include sampling, beatboxing and knowledge.
While often used to refer to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture. The term hip hop music is sometimes used synonymously with the term rap music, though rapping is not a required component of hip hop music; the genre may also incorporate other elements of hip hop culture, including DJing and scratching, beatboxing, and instrumental tracks.
Origin of the term
The term "hip hop" was is often credited to Keith "Cowboy" Wiggins, a member of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. However, Lovebug Starski, Keith Wiggins, and DJ Hollywood used the term when the music was still known as disco rap. It is believed that Wiggins coined the term when he was teasing a friend who had just joined the U.S. Army, by scat singing the words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of soldiers marching. Wiggins later worked the "hip hop" cadence into a part of his live stage performances, which was later used by other artists such as The Sugarhill Gang on their song "Rapper's Delight".
Universal Zulu Nation founder Afrika Bambaataa is credited with first using the term to describe the subculture in which the music belonged; although it is also suggested that it was a derogatory term to describe the type of music.
Hip hop as music and culture formed during the early 1970s when block parties became increasingly popular among African-American youth living in the Bronx. Block parties incorporated DJs, who played popular genres of music, especially funk and soul music. Due to the positive reception, DJs began isolating the percussive breaks of popular songs (known as the "breaks"). Because of the short percussive breaks, DJs began using two turntables to extend the breaks. This method of isolating the percussive breaks was then common in Jamican dub music, and was largely introduced into New York by immigrants from Jamaica and elsewhere in the Caribbean. DJ Kool Herc was one of these immigrants, and he is generally called the father of hip hop. It was at one of his block parties on the 11th of August 1973 at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue that hip hop was born, as agreed on by all hip hop fans.